Permian Basin: Texas Oil and Natural Gas Industry Paid Record $24.7 Billion in Taxes and State Royalties in Fiscal Year 2022, Shattering Previous High by 54%

AUSTIN – According to just-released data from the Texas Oil & Gas Association (TXOGA), the Texas oil and natural gas industry paid $24.7 billion in state and local taxes and state royalties—by far the highest total in Texas history—shattering the previous record of just over $16 billion set in 2019 by 54%. TXOGA President Todd Staples today hosted a media briefing to share the Association’s Annual Energy & Economic Impact Report and to provide an update on the industry’s global energy leadership, environmental progress, and legislative priorities.

“The Texas oil and natural gas industry plays an extraordinary role in securing our state and national economy and advancing global stability. However, growth is not guaranteed, and policy can promote prosperity, or hinder it,” Staples said. “Policies and politics in Texas and across our nation will determine if we can continue to deliver for Texans while meeting our nation and the world’s energy needs.”

$24.7 billion translates to roughly $67 million every day that pays for Texas’ public schools, universities, roads, first responders and other essential services. Production taxes and royalties to state funds more than doubled over fiscal year (FY) 2021. Production taxes grew by $5.8 billion, a 116% increase and royalties to state funds increased by $2.2 billion, a 102% increase. Oil and natural gas production taxes exceeded $10 billion for the first time in Texas history.

Staples detailed how oil and natural gas tax and royalty revenue is used to support education, transportation, healthcare and infrastructure, both locally in communities across Texas and through royalty and tax revenue that is paid into the Economic Stabilization Fund (commonly known as the Rainy Day Fund), the Permanent School Fund (PSF) and the Permanent University Fund (PUF)—all of which are funded almost exclusively with taxes and state royalties paid by the oil and natural gas industry.

In 2022, 99% of the state’s oil and natural gas royalties were deposited into the PSF and the PUF, which support Texas public education. Each fund received $2.1 billion—more than double the amounts from last year. The Rainy Day Fund received $1.5 billion from oil and natural gas production taxes.

In FY 2022, Texas school districts received $1.65 billion in property taxes from mineral properties producing oil and natural gas, pipelines, and gas utilities. Counties received $608.6 million in these property taxes.

Property tax totals for each county

Property tax totals for each ISD

Midland ISD in West Texas ranked #1 receiving $113.3 million from mineral properties producing oil and natural gas, pipelines, and gas utilities. Reeves County ranked #1 with $44.9 million paid in oil and natural gas property taxes.

Since 2007, when TXOGA first started compiling this data, the Texas oil and natural gas industry has paid more than $203.4 billion in state and local taxes and state royalties, a figure that does not include the hundreds of billions of dollars in payroll for some of the highest paying jobs in the state, taxes paid on office buildings and personal property, and the enormous economic ripple effect that benefits other sectors of the economy.

In 2022, the industry employed 443,000 Texans who earned an average $115,300 each—roughly 40% higher than the average pay in other private sectors. And for every direct job in the industry, conservative estimates indicate that an additional 2.2 indirect jobs are created. In total, 1.4 million Texans’ jobs ultimately derive from the state’s oil and natural gas industry.

In describing the industry’s continuing environmental progress, Staples said, “No nation is doing more to protect and improve the environment than the United States—with the oil and natural gas industry leading the way through investment in innovation. Through industry-led initiatives like the Texas Methane & Flaring Coalition and The Environmental Partnership, Texas oil and natural gas companies will continue to prioritize collaboration in developing solutions to achieve environmental progress while meeting the energy demands of today and the future.”

In addition to its economic impact for Texas, Staples described the industry’s contribution to global stability. “The world understands energy security is a necessity, not a luxury, as many around the globe are struggling to access reliable, affordable, and secure energy,” he said. “Our allies are literally knocking at our door in energy need and Texas’ oil and natural gas producers, pipelines, refiners and exporters are playing an essential role in delivering energy stability to our trade partners, even in times of continued global unrest.”

In describing TXOGA’s priorities for the 88th Legislative Session, Staples said, “A bright future is Texas’ to lose. We can continue to outpace other states and even countries with economic opportunity, job growth and capital investment or we can forfeit the game by sitting some of our best players on the sidelines.”

“For example, economic development policy to keep Texas competitive is a must,” he said. “We also need a policy framework that allows Texas to lead in carbon capture and sequestration, electricity market redesign policy that keeps the grid reliable and rates affordable, policies to fund our key regulatory agencies and protection against policy that would adversely impact this industry’s contributions to a cleaner, strong, better future. We look forward to working with our lawmakers as they embrace opportunities to advance our state’s energy leadership, strengthen communities and grow local economies.”

Read the full report.

Permian Basin ISDs received $867.2 million in property taxes from oil and natural gas production, pipelines and gas utilities.

Top 10 Permian Basin ISDs

  1. Midland ISD                                   $113.3             32.2% of tax base
  2. Pecos-Barstow-Toyah ISD              $108.8            65.1%
  3. Wink-Loving ISD                            $81.8              82.5%
  4. Rankin ISD                                    $64.6              85.1%
  5. Reagan County ISD                        $43.6              81.2%
  6. Grady ISD                                       $36.7              92.4%
  7. Glasscock County ISD                    $32.3              67.0%
  8. Andrews ISD                                   $30.9              54.6%
  9. Culberson County-Allamore ISD     $28.8              71.1%
  10. Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD         $20.7              66.1%

Permian Basin counties received $320.4 million in property taxes
from oil and natural gas production, pipelines and gas utilities.

Top 10 Permian Basin Counties

  1. Reeves County                               $44.9              58.4% of tax base
  2. Midland County                               $31.9              30.3%
  3. Loving County                                 $24.5              83.6%
  4. Ward County                                   $21.1              63.7%
  5. Martin County                                  $17.8             83.9%
  6. Upton County                                  $16.3             74.3%
  7. Pecos County                                  $16.3             36.0%
  8. Andrews County                              $14.7             51.6%
  9. Crockett County                              $11.8              62.1%
  10. Howard County                                $9.6               42.7%

*Oil & Natural Gas” means mineral properties producing oil and natural gas, pipelines, and gas utilities. It does not include refineries, petrochemicals or other properties.


Founded in 1919, TXOGA is the oldest and largest oil and gas trade association in Texas representing every facet of the industry.

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